Аэрокосмическая и оборонная промышленность
Инновации и синхронизированное управление совместной работой над проектами
Shop floor control comprises the methods and systems used to prioritize, track, and report against production orders and schedules. It includes the procedures used to evaluate current resource status, labor, machine usage, and other information required to support the overall planning, scheduling, and costing systems related to shop floor operation. Shop floor control typically calculates work in process based on a percentage of completion for each order and operation that is useful in inventory valuations and materials planning.
Shop floor control may also include identifying and assessing vulnerabilities and risks due to the shop floor environment, employees, process, and the technologies employed at the shop-floor level. Based on the assessment of these factors, shop floor control initiates measures to keep risk at an acceptable minimum level.
Shop floor control is responsible for the detailed management of activities and the flow of materials inside the plant, including employees, materials, machines, and production time. Shop floor control activity typically begins after planning (e.g., with MRP, ERP); once planned, orders and purchase requisitions are created. Shop floor control attends to the following functions (sequentially):
With fully interactive access to shop floor control software, supervisors can monitor shop activities and make better decisions on the spot, especially using mobile computing equipment.
In summary, shop floor control within a manufacturing execution system (MES) can improve the productivity of any shop, regardless of its manufacturing style or capacity. Assembling, cutting metal, or fabricating all require common functions; shop floor control programs can adapt to the operation. When evaluating the need for shop floor control, remember that the driving force is data. Properly executed, shop floor control should deliver the right information at the right time to the right place - without fail. Consequently, shop floor efficiency and productivity rise appreciably.