Modal Analysis

Modal analysis is the study of the dynamic properties of linear structures, based on structural testing or finite element analysis-based simulation. These dynamic properties include resonance frequencies (also called “natural frequencies” or “eigenfrequencies”) and structural modes (or “eigenmodes”). Dynamic properties are dependent on the mass, stiffness and damping distribution on the structure, and determine structural vibration behavior when exposed to operational loads. Every deformation of a linear structural system can be expressed as a linear combination of the structural modes, which form an orthonormal vector base.

Modal testing combines data acquisition with further analysis. In an industrial application, the complete process is often referred to as modal testing and analysis, or experimental modal analysis (EMA).

Results of modal testing and analysis are used in various simulation and testing applications, including vibration response calculations, root cause analysis of vibration problems and damage detection, but also for adding flexibility to multibody analysis and speeding up durability and vibro-acoustic simulations. Modal-based calculations are very effective and allow efficient evaluation of structural changes to responses of any kind.

Benefits of Modal Analysis

Modal analysis through FE analysis or structural testing.
Modal analysis performed through either structural testing or finite element analysis-based simulation helps you:
  • Understand how a structure vibrate

  • Correlate and update simulation models

  • Speed up structural, vibro-acoustic and durability calculations

  • Include flexibility in multibody simulation models