Glossario

Termini e definizioni utili per comprendere i fondamenti del software PLM

#
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

1D analysis refers to the application of finite element analysis on 1-dimensional models comprised of only 2 nodes.

3D modeling describes the use of software tools, such as computer-aided design (CAD) programs, to create 3D digital representations of objects.

An 8D report is the result of an 8-step process of problem solving designed to address manufacturing nonconformances and implement continuous improvement.

Camstar’s Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) Sampling feature allows users to model and execute standard sampling plans, such as ANSI Z1.4 or C=0, or custom defined sampling plans.

Camstar Interoperability is: robust, to interoperate directly with any application, EAI or shop floor system; flexible, as it works concurrently with multiple systems and transport mechanisms.

Camstar Interoperability is an end-to-end solution that provides complete, configurable integration with your ERP environment through pre-defined, standard touchpoints.

Additive manufacturing refers to adding layer-upon-layer of material using data-driven automation to form a product.

Advanced Planning software takes account of production forecasts and long-term orders and supports decision making.

Advanced Planning and Scheduling is a digital solution that helps manufacturers to balance demand and production capacity.

Advanced Scheduling software enables manufacturers to make production scheduling decisions based on an accurate model of a manufacturing environment.

Aerospace composites are high performance raw materials used in the design and development of aircraft components.

Aggregate planning is a method for developing an overall manufacturing plan that ensures uninterrupted production at a facility. Aggregate production planning typically is applied to a 3- to 18-month period.

L’analisi a elementi finiti (FEA) consiste nella modellazione di prodotti e sistemi in un ambiente virtuale, al fine di individuare e risolvere problemi potenziali o esistenti in termini di struttura o prestazioni.

L'analisi ingegneristica predittiva unisce simulazione multidisciplinare, test e analisi intelligente al fine di prevedere le prestazioni del prodotto lungo l'intero ciclo di vita.

L’analisi modale è lo studio delle proprietà dinamiche delle strutture lineari, basato sulla simulazione FEA o su prove strutturali.

ALM is the process of managing all of a software application’s project planning and executions stages, from conception through to discontinuation.

Artificial intelligence simulates aspects of human intelligence and can be programmed to analyze vast amounts of data for predictive purposes.

Assembly automation uses technology to maximize cost-efficiency and productivity in component manufacturing.

Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) is an authorization model where users get access to data based on real-time evaluation of their attributes.

Automotive lightweighting is an engineering concept focused on reducing the weight of vehicle designs without compromising safety or performance.

Autonomous vehicles are automobiles that can operate and navigate without human input by leveraging various integrated technologies.

Binder jetting is an additive manufacturing process in which liquid adhesive is selectively deposited onto powdered materials to create solid objects.

A blockchain is a database that stores information as across a P2P network instead of a central location.

L'espressione CAD/CAM si riferisce all'integrazione fra software Computer-Aided Design e software Computer-Aided Manufacturing, per semplificare la gestione delle modifiche apportate ai progetti, l'ideazione di progetti concorrenti e la configurazione del processo di produzione, soprattutto per la progettazione e la fabbricazione di prototipi e parti finite.

A CAPA system performs corrective and preventive action: It analyzes a production problem, finds the root cause, corrects it and documents the correction.

CFD simulation is the prediction and visualization of the motions of liquid and gases.

Camstar Interoperability is an infrastructure that enables enterprise-wide, standards-based integration in your existing systems environment.

Camstar Systems, now part of Siemens Opcenter, offer manufacturing execution system (MES) capabilities within manufacturing operations management (MOM).

Understanding actual throughput, yield, cycle times and as-built product quality data enable more accurate capacity planning and product designs.

Cloud ready applications were originally created to run in an onsite hosting environment, but have been reengineered so they can run in the cloud.

Complaint management software enables the timely handling of complaints and feedback to production planning and process engineering of product-in-use data.

Compliance software manages communication, monitoring, and documentation of compliance activities for regulations and standards in a manufacturing business.

Component software is designed to work within a larger application to provide that application with new tools and functionality.

Composite tooling refers to the use of composites as raw materials in the engineering of tools for the manufacturing of new parts or product components.

Il Computer-Aided Design (CAD) consiste nell’utilizzo di programmi software per creare, modificare, analizzare e documentare rappresentazioni grafiche 2D o 3D di oggetti fisici.

Il Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) consiste nell’utilizzo di software informatici per la simulazione delle prestazioni. Lo scopo è migliorare la progettazione del prodotto e semplificare la soluzione dei problemi di progettazione in un’ampia gamma di settori.

Per Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) si intende comunemente l’utilizzo di applicativi software di controllo numerico (NC) per la creazione di istruzioni dettagliate (codice G) necessarie alle macchine utensili a controllo numerico (CNC) per la lavorazione di parti/pezzi.

Computer-aided quality (CAQ) software helps manufacturers ensure consistent product and process quality from design through production.

Conditions of supply are the required design & assembly specifications for supplier-provided parts and components.

With configure-to-order, customers make custom selections of product components that a vendor then uses to build the product upon placement of the order.

With configurable searches you can identify material that may be at risk based on unique criteria – such as units that used a component lot and were then processed on a particular machine during a specific shift.

La tecnologia Convergent Modeling permette di combinare modelli B-rep e dati sfaccettati in un ambiente di modellazione 3D unificato.

CAPA software helps enterprises identify product quality issues, devise solutions to those issues, and monitor related outcomes.

Camstar Manufacturing is designed to easily integrate with shop floor equipment, collecting data, tracking results and alerting on process control limits and suspect trends.

Defect management enables manufacturers to track and trace quality events and corrective actions.

Demand-driven material requirements planning (DDMRP) is a planning approach designed to reduce overstocks and shortages in the manufacturing supply chain.

La Design Simulation consente alle aziende manifatturiere di verificare e validare la producibilità e le funzioni desiderate di un prodotto in fase di sviluppo.

DFMA is an engineering methodology that focuses on simplifying the design of a product to improve ease of manufacture and efficiency of assembly.

Design for service (DFS) is a product lifecycle strategy that addresses serviceability attributes that affect cost and efficacy of servicing the product.

A digital enterprise is a company where all business processes are driven by digital technology and big data.

La produzione digitale (Digital Manufacturing) consiste nell'utilizzo di un sistema informatico integrato, con strumenti di simulazione, visualizzazione 3D, analisi e collaborazione, per la creazione contemporanea di definizioni dei prodotti e dei processi di produzione.

Digitalization is the analysis and application of digital data insights to improve products, processes, and operations.

Digitalization in education refers to the use of digital technology to teach students.

Camstar’s Dispatch Management shows operators the work-in-process priorities prescribed by production planners and schedulers.

Camstar’s manufacturing process design and modeling capabilities enable the process design early during product design, allowing more rapid and reliable transition to manufacturing during new product introductions.

The Camstar Enterprise Platform provides an electronic batch record that is a complete manufacturing audit trail of every batch produced

Electronic design automation is the use of computer programs to design, simulate, verify, and manufacture integrated circuits and printed circuit boards.

eDHRs, or Electronic Device History Records, are paperless, electronic systems within manufacturing execution systems (MES) that enforce production processes and capture all information associated with as-built production records.

Camstar’s Electronic Procedures are step-by-step instructions or tasks that automatically guide an operator progressively through work at a work station.

E-Signatures denote accountability and record particular activity details by the signer in the electronic manufacturing audit trail.

Embedded software is programming that is part of the hardware of non-computer devices that performs a specific task as part of the device's overall functionality.

Engineer-to-order is a manufacturing process where a vendor works with a customer to design and engineer a product before manufacturing it.

An engineering academy is a sponsored program that provides high school or college students with real-world engineering experience and training.

Engineering automation tools use pre-defined rules to automatically create designs, write documentation, and do other repetitive engineering processes.

Understand global implications of local events by aggregating data across distributed sites to understand relationships among events and trends.

The Camstar Enterprise Platform is the foundation for top-tier global manufacturers and product innovators to enable design for quality, lean manufacturing, supplier quality, rapid NPI, and higher profit margins.

Environmental compliance management software (ECMS) provides a manageable framework that helps enterprises use sustainable raw materials and reduce waste.

Equipment Maintenance Management Software electronically tracks equipment usage and manages preventative maintenance and corrective maintenance.

Camstar’s Event Management creates a centralized view of quality performance to prevent patterns that lead to poor quality.

Fiber orientation refers to the simulation of the placement of fibers in the fabrication of composite materials.

Camstar’s Flow Management controls and enforces the flow of materials through the manufacturing process

A food supply chain is the sequence of processes for the production and distribution of food products, and the organizations involved in these processes.

Durante i corsi di formazione sulla produzione vengono utilizzati strumenti PLM per spiegare agli studenti concetti di simulazione, robotica, processi di produzione, pianificazione delle strutture e molto altro ancora.

Products, components and supplied materials are completely traceable, with “where used” analysis provided at the touch of a button.

Il Digital Twin è una rappresentazione virtuale di un prodotto o processo, utilizzata per validare virtualmente le prestazioni della relativa controparte fisica.

Generative design is an engineering approach that uses algorithms to discover every possible iteration of a solution.

La gestione dei dati di prodotto (PDM) consiste nell’utilizzo di software al fine di gestire dati di prodotto e informazioni sui processi in un unico sistema centralizzato.

Camstar Manufacturing enforces engineering changes immediately or as specified by an effectivity date, ensuring that new processes are adhered to.

Camstar Manufacturing allows manufacturers to define and distribute processes and engineering changes to any global factory.

IBS QMS, now part of Opcenter, offers a holistic quality solution across the entire product life cycle and supply chain. IBS QMS software helps manufacturers control quality, production, traceability, and compliance efforts to optimize process and product value. It helps manufacturers address all quality issues by building in both cross-industry and industry-specific best practice solutions.

One of the principal standards relating to MOM is ISA-95, the international standard for the integration of enterprise and control systems. ISA-95 consists of models and terminology.

ISO 9001 is the international standard that sets out requirements for quality management systems (QMS).

Incoming Quality is the establishment and maintenance of inspection processes that identify defective or out-of-spec parts from suppliers.

“Industria 4.0” è un concetto che descrive l’impiego di tecnologie di digitalizzazione e di rete, per dare origine alla quarta rivoluzione industriale.

Industrial 3D printing is a manufacturing method for the creation of a solid, three-dimensional object from a computer-aided design (CAD) digital file.

Industrial cloud computing refers to virtualized computing resources & infrastructure used by asset-intensive enterprises.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), also known as Industry 4.0, is the application of an IoT framework to devices and machines within manufacturing. The IIoT is part of a larger concept known as the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT is a network of intelligent computers, devices, and objects that collect and share huge amounts of data. The collected data is sent to a central Cloud-based service where it is aggregated with other data and then shared with end users in a helpful way

Immediate access to relevant contextual data facilitates the investigation process when something goes wrong.

Configurable, simple forms guide users through instructions, data collection and events - responding to the way people work and maximizing efficiency.

Just-in-time scheduling is a strategy to reduce quantities of manufacturing work in progress (WIP) and inventories of raw materials and finished goods.

Il kernel di modellazione geometrica è un componente software che fornisce strumenti di modellazione solida 3D agli utenti del software CAD nei settori della produzione, architettura, progettazione ed edilizia

Camstar Label Printing automatically prints product and tracking labels from original specifications and real-time manufacturing data.

Lean manufacturing is the production practice that considers it wasteful to use resources for anything except the creation of value for the end customer.

A lights-out factory, or “dark factory,” has such minimal requirements for human activity that the facility can operate in the dark with zero human intervention onsite.

In manufacturing, lot traceability is readily-available access to the complete history of all manufactured lots, batches and serialized units, spanning production in multiple plants.

MRP Planning (Manufacturing Resource Planning), handled by Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) software, optimizes inventory and production schedules.

Machine learning, a branch of AI, uses algorithms and statistical models to get computers to perform a task effectively without being programmed explicitly

Maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) is a strategy that addresses the ongoing service needs of high-value physical assets.

Make-to-order is an approach to production planning in which manufacturing is initiated once a customer order is received.

Make-to-stock (MTS) is a manufacturing strategy in which production planning and scheduling are based on forecasted product demand.

Get access to the complete as-manufactured record (electronic Device, Batch or Lot History) with the touch of a button.

Manufacturing compliance comprises the technical, legal, and corporate requirements, regulations, and practices manufacturers must comply with in order to produce and market products.

Camstar's Enterprise Manufacturing Execution and Quality systems help you create lean manufacturing and production control practices and flow.

Manufacturing Intelligence is a software solution that pulls together data from diverse manufacturing source to enable enhanced reporting and analysis capabilities.

I software per la gestione delle attività produttive (Manufacturing Operations Management-MOM) garantiscono una visibilità totale nei processi di produzione, ottimizzando le prestazioni delle operazioni produttive.

Manufacturing planning and control software links, tracks and uses product, operations, resource and facilities data to ensure production efficiency.

Manufacturing process planning helps engineers to author, simulate, and manage manufacturing information, and align manufacturing plans with product design.

Quality of design and conformance to specifications provide the fundamental basis for managing operations to produce quality products.

Manufacturing Scheduling software supports improved scheduling decisions by accurately modeling the manufacturing environment, resources and constraints.

Manufacturing simulation is the use of computer modeling to test manufacturing procedures before physically building them.

Manufacturing resource planning (MRP 2) optimizes inventory and production schedules, considering raw materials, components, personnel, equipment and more.

A master production schedule (MPS) delineates what products a manufacturer will produce, when and in what quantities.

Material extrusion is an AM methodology where build material is pushed through a heated nozzle and deposited in layers to create a 3D object.

Material jetting is an AM process in which droplets of build material are selectively deposited and then cured to develop a solid object.

Material requirements planning (MRP 1) is a strategy used to optimize the acquisition, storage and deployment of materials needed in production runs.

Medical Device & Diagnostic (MD&D) Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) are software solutions that ensure quality and efficiency are built into the manufacturing process.

Model Based Systems Engineering helps companies develop the complex products their customers demand. Model Based Systems Engineering focuses on creating and exploiting domain models as the primary means of information exchange between engineers

Noise and vibration testing is the analysis of products for quality via the detection of noises and vibrations that indicate faulty systems or parts.

A manufacturing nonconformance is an unexpected event that occurs in the manufacturing process that deviates from a set standard or requirement.

Color-coded indicators of current Yield, Throughput and Cycle Time help operators meet goals and raise issues before they create production problems.

Camstar’s Operator Training and Certification automatically ensures that only qualified employees perform prescribed shop-floor and quality functions.

Una soluzione PLM in cloud rivoluziona il settore, consentendo agli utenti di accedere in modo sicuro alle informazioni relative alla gestione del ciclo di vita del prodotto (PLM, Product Lifecycle Management) in qualsiasi momento, da qualsiasi luogo e con qualsiasi dispositivo. Il PLM in cloud permette un utilizzo più efficiente del digital twin, aiutando le aziende a lanciare i propri prodotti sul mercato in tempi più brevi.

Paperless manufacturing refers to the use of software-based electronic systems to monitor and enforce manufacturing production processes, while capturing all information associated with production records.

Part manufacturing is the process of following a specialized plan in order to fabricate products that meet their design goals.

Understand product performance throughout manufacturing and field use to advance quality by design and continuous improvement.

Monitor performance and exceptions, with automatically triggered alerts to solve the highest impact problems first.

Personalized Ad hoc queries answer critical questions and provide the results to take systematic actions on affected materials

Physical asset configuration is a comprehensive, actionable digital twin, or virtual representation, that contains up-to-date information on the composition and structure of a managed item or property.

Physical asset management superintends the entire lifecycle of produced items or property, including maintenance, repair, upgrades, and final disposition.

Platform economy refers to the current transition companies are making from being product-centric to becoming platform-centric via multiple digital capabilities.

Powder bed fusion (PBF) is a category of additive manufacturing (AM) that uses thermal energy to selectively fuse granular materials into solid shapes.

Preactor Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) Software

Predictive analysis helps predict future outcomes based on the analysis of past data using statistical modeling and machine learning techniques.

Camstar Manufacturing enforces the as-designed process, ensuring the right procedures, operators, equipment and materials are being used, in the right sequence at the right time.

Camstar Manufacturing is designed to easily integrate with shop floor equipment, collecting data, tracking results and alerting on process control limits and suspect trends.

Production management is the discipline of planning, analyzing, and directing the manufacture of goods in a timely, safe, and cost-effective manner.

Production planning software helps orchestrate manufacturing processes in a way that optimizes production efficiency and productivity.

Production scheduling software helps determine the optimum sequence of operations in order to achieve lean and agile production.

Quality standards are sets of good management practices, methods, systems, requirements and/or specifications established by industry advisory groups to help manufacturers achieve and demonstrate consistent production and product quality. Some quality standards are applicable to a broad spectrum of manufacturing and service organizations, while others are industry specific

Camstar Interoperability’s solution helps you get the most out of your ERP, PLM and CRM applications.

The core mandate that guides FDA regulatory oversight is consumer safety.

Camstar’s resource management capabilities provide the ability to manage all of the tools and equipment used in the manufacturing process.

Reverse engineering is the process of deconstructing a thing to learn how it works, what it’s made of, and how it is assembled.

Robotics simulation uses digital representations and dynamic interactions with robotics and equipment to engineer automated production systems virtually.

Robotics virtual commissioning uses robotics simulation, rather than the physical system, to test behavior based on the real control system.

SIMATIC IT is an MES (Manufacturing Execution System) software portfolio designed to help manufacturers ensure maximum quality and productivity.

Software as a service, delivered via an internet connection that can be accessed by any device without the need to install on a computer.

The Manufacturing Audit Trail is the basis for the complete electronic as-manufactured Device History Record.

Selective laser sintering (SLS) is a manufacturing technique that uses a laser to heat powdered materials so they fuse together into solid parts.

Semiconductor Manufacturing Execution Systems (semiconductor MES) serve as the intermediary between a business system such as ERP and a manufacturer's plant floor control equipment.

Service asset management offers manufacturers and service providers full visibility of a manufactured item or property’s configuration and service status.

A service BOM (sBOM) is a managed view of an asset’s service material requirements, bridging ongoing design to specific configuration requirements.

Modern service lifecycle management software enables more effective service planning, design for serviceability, and optimized asset in-service use.

Service parts management is a strategy used by those responsible for servicing a fielded asset to ensure that parts are available when they are needed.

Sheet lamination is an additive manufacturing methodology that involves bonding sheets of material together and machining them to 3D print objects.

Shop floor control comprises the methods and systems used to prioritize, track, and report against production orders and schedules.

La simulazione di sistemi meccatronici, definita anche computer-aided engineering unidimensionale (1D CAE), è un approccio alla modellazione e all'analisi dei sistemi multidominio che consente di prevederne le prestazioni a livello multidisciplinare.

I sistemi MES (Manufacturing Execution System) sono soluzioni software che garantiscono l'integrazione di qualità ed efficienza nel processo di produzione, assicurandone l'applicazione in modo sistematico e proattivo.

I sistemi di gestione della qualità (QMS, Quality Management System) sono soluzioni software che forniscono le procedure, i processi, le strutture e le risorse necessari per agevolare le operazioni di produzione ed ERP, oltre a gestire i problemi di qualità in modo economicamente vantaggioso.

Il software CAD (Computer-Aided Design) consente di creare, analizzare e modificare progetti e modelli 2D e 3D in un ambiente digitale, anziché utilizzare metodi di disegno manuali.

CAD 3D è una tecnologia affidabile che consente a ingegneri e sviluppatori di prodotti di creare, testare e documentare digitalmente oggetti tridimensionali.

Il software CAD per studenti include le stesse funzioni della versione commerciale, ma con un contratto di licenza diverso.

Il software PLM gestisce le informazioni lungo l’intero ciclo di vita del prodotto, dalla concezione alla progettazione, dalla produzione all'assistenza, fino allo smaltimento.

Un solutore di vincoli geometrici è un programma che applica parametri alle feature geometriche nei progetti bidimensionali (2D) o tridimensionali (3D).

Camstar Interoperability’s robust service-oriented architecture (SOA) unifies the many applications that operate in a manufacturing environment.

SPC applies statistical process control to quality and defect data that is collected during the manufacturing process, allowing manufacturers to identify, analyze, and solve potential problems while production continues – before equipment is shut down, material is scrapped, and production.

Stereolithography (SLA) is a 3D printing technique that uses UV light to selectively solidify liquid photopolymer resin.

Camstar’s Standard Validation Template is a powerful accelerator and cost reducer for FDA-required computer systems validation.

Lo sviluppo di software 3D consente di realizzare software in grado di assistere i progettisti nella creazione e modifica di modelli tridimensionali e prototipi digitali di nuovi prodotti.

La tecnologia sincrona mette in collegamento tutti gli addetti coinvolti nel ciclo di vita del prodotto, senza limitarne i rispettivi ambiti d’azione.

System simulation is the process of experimenting with, and studying how, changes to a complex system (or sub-system) affect the system overall.

Keep informed with what you need, when you need it. Performance indicators give continuous feedback to operators.

La trasformazione digitale (Digital Transformation) è il processo di digitalizzazione dei processi e delle informazioni aziendali al fine di ottenere un modello di business più agile ed efficiente.

Vat photopolymerization refers to AM processes that print 3D objects by selectively curing liquid photopolymer resins with light.

Virtual validation uses 3D modeling to test, simulate and verify a product’s ability to operate properly before a physical prototype is created.