Innovazione e gestione dei programmi sincronizzata e collaborativa per i nuovi programmi
Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) offers graduate and retraining programs in engineering, manufacturing, natural sciences, economics, management and the humanities. The primary employers of the university’s graduates are instrument makers and manufacturing companies. In 2009 the university was one of the 12 schools awarded national research university status.
Today, any young engineer has to be able to work with computer-aided design (CAD)/ computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)/ computer-aided engineering (CAE) systems. It is critical for skilled professionals to be introduced to advanced technologies in order to improve a firm’s product development and manufacturing processes.
Following modern manufacturing trends, many companies in Perm have deployed product lifecycle management (PLM) solutions, so the Department of Innovative Manufacturing Technologies in the aerospace school at Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) considered introducing advanced CAD and PLM tools into its curriculum for the retraining programs intended for industry experts. Such a move was needed to avoid costly on-the-job retraining of the university’s graduates, and improve their positions in the labor market.
The first step was choosing a vendor. The actual needs of major employers for the school’s graduates were considered. These employers included Aviadvigatel (gas turbine engine production) and OAO Rusturbomash (centrifugal compressors production).
“We had to learn the capabilities of several leading PLM solutions available on the Russian market,” says Professor Vadim Karmanov, head of the department of innovative manufacturing technologies. “We thoroughly analyzed these tools and opted for Siemens Digital Industries Software as a single vendor. The Siemens Digital Industries Software portfolio covered all the technologies we needed to establish an advanced product design, manufacturing and maintenance solution based on the digital mockup concept.”
He also notes another important factor that has certainly contributed to making the final decision. Most of the school’s graduates work at the United Aircraft Corporation, United Engine Corporation, Russian Helicopters and the Khrunichev Space Center, all of which use technology from PLM specialist Siemens Digital Industries Software and consider it the industry standard.
At the same time, PAO Motovilikhinsky Works began to transition to advanced manufacturing technologies by deploying the solutions from Siemens Digital Industries Software. The company needed skilled professionals to operate the modern software tools. Most of the company’s engineering staff had graduated from PNRPU. For this reason, Motovilikhinsky Works joined the project. Siemens Digital Industries Software proposed a comprehensive approach and developed a continuous university-tocompany engineering education concept that introduced Siemens Digital Industries Software solutions into the academic process. The parties agreed to join their resources, and a trilateral project was launched in 2014.
Siemens Digital Industries Software has delivered 20 NX™ software and 110 Teamcenter® software seats to the department, including technical support and updates. The company’s experts developed and held dedicated seminars for the faculty members. The seminars covered PLM fundamentals and applications, and PLM procedures using Teamcenter and NX. Concurrently, the faculty members and Siemens Digital Industries Software’s experts deployed the software.
It is impossible to learn how to use a PLM system with just one course. At least two important domains are essential to a student’s knowledge base: design and manufacturing. Once skill sets have been acquired in the first domain, 3D modeling, the students move to the second domain, learning how to use production planning tools. However, “unlearning,” so to speak, is sometimes necessary as students had already acquired some training that is no longer useful to their advancement. Their new environment is completely digital. A solution to this challenge is learning PLM from the very beginning of their education.
“The students have no problem with learning the basic NX CAD functionality as a part of the course,” says Karmanov. “Subsequently, they expand their skills by using NX CAD for developing other course projects.”
Until recently, they used NX CAD to develop projects but submitted paper drawings and notes. As PNPRU launched the joint project with Siemens Digital Industries Software, it abandoned paper documents. The students learn 3D modeling in the PLM environment, and only work with digital models. Now they evaluate and grade digital projects. All the course project materials (drawings, analysis results, the professor’s notes and reviews) are submitted digitally, and are stored in a unified database with online access from any device. It enables collaborative project development, and simulates a real-world industry environment. Several such collaborative final projects have already been presented.
The undergraduate students learn NX CAM in their third or fourth year, and continue to work on it during their master’s degree program. The students majoring in engineering learn numerical control (NC) programming, process planning and other skills. The NC course includes actual part manufacturing in an NC milling and turning machining center. After the third year, the students have an internship at a manufacturing company, where they apply their skills.
The students who enter the master’s program in academic year 2015-2016 will learn CAE with Simcenter Nastran® software. The system’s extensive functionality enables the teaching of various analysis domains such as dynamics and finite element (FE) modeling. The students will be able to solve computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and strength analysis problems to verify their designs.
NX CAD, NX CAM and Simcenter Nastran have been included in the academic process. With support from Siemens Digital Industries Software, the university has opened a retraining program intended for the manufacturing companies of Perm. Here students learn how to use PLM technology: designing with NX CAD, evaluating designs with Simcenter Nastran and developing NC programs with NX CAM.
A group of design and manufacturing engineers and NC programmers from PAO Motovilikhinsky Works has completed the retraining program. The group included more than 100 experts. After completing the program and presenting their final paper, each student receives a retraining certificate in innovative manufacturing technologies.
The project is a win-win for both parties: the university established an advanced continuing education program extending from the first year to master’s studies; Motovilikhinsky Works started a product development digitalization process and is training its experts.
“The primary project winners are the manufacturing companies of Perm since now they can employ skilled engineers, and the university’s graduates who feel confident when they enter the job market,” emphasizes Karmanov. “We have already received positive feedback concerning the skills of our graduates.”
PLM represents a comprehensive and dynamic software domain that is continuously being improved. Mastering the many facets of PLM takes a new approach to education. That approach requires a new teaching philosophy.
“It is imperative to close the gap between the academic process and actual manufacturing,” says Karmanov. “A graduate should be as competent as an expert with several years of experience under the belt.”
To make this happen, the department has introduced collaborative projects and teamwork for students who solve real problems for the manufacturing companies. Soon the department will open a student design office dedicated to exploring innovation.
The department is also going to deploy a comprehensive set of design, production planning, manufacturing execution and maintenance technologies for developing innovative products and creating an academic knowledge base. The goal is to extend the use of Siemens Digital Industries Software solutions in the academic process to improve the quality of education. For this reason, the department will obtain additional NX and Teamcenter seats.
“The implementation of Siemens Digital Industries Software’s vision has drastically changed the academic process and the conventional approach to a university education,” notes Karmanov. “The factors that have contributed to our success are the dedication of the faculty members and the support from Siemens Digital Industries Software’s experts in software deployment, setup and training.”